The Blazer Guide

The Blazer Guide

The blazer is an iconic piece of menswear, and precisely for this very reason I decided it was time for an extensive guide about this garment. The blazer is the central piece of any gentleman’s wardrobe, and ladies for that matter, though interestingly it means different things to different people. It also takes alternate forms in different situations, which makes it a truly remarkable garment. In the following, I will define a blazer, discuss its history, modern interpretations of it and elaborate on how to wear it best.

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What is a Blazer?

Let us start by first addressing this vexing question – what exactly is a blazer? One might be tempted to think it is any jacket that happens to be worn without matching pants.  The Oxford American Dictionary describes it as a “sports jacket not worn with matching trousers.”

The Oxford English Dictionary describes it as “a coloured jacket worn by schoolchildren or sports players as part of a uniform, a plain jacket not forming part of a suit but considered appropriate for formal wear.” The Free Dictionary describes it as “A lightweight, often striped or brightly coloured sports jacket having pockets and notched lapels.” And the Merriam – Webster dictionary describes it as “a jacket that is worn over a shirt and that looks like a suit jacket but is not part of a suit.”

Various Navy Blazer styles

Various Navy Blazer styles

Clearly the general dictionaries are neither very specific nor complete, but a few things can be inferred from men’s clothing encyclopedias and from our assumptions of what a blazer is. In many countries, the term “blazer” is synonymous for any jacket, especially in womenswear, but for the purpose of this article, we will use the technical definition:

  1. A stand-alone jacket worn with trousers of a contrasting color, pattern or material.
  2. It is solid colored or has bold, vividly colored stripes – no other patterns.
  3. Solid colors are almost exclusively a shade of navy blue, and very rarely bottle green, white or red, etc.
  4. May have contrasting piping / braiding / trim.
  5. Comes in double breasted 6×2, 6×3, 8×3 configurations or with a single breasted fasson.
  6. Very often part of the uniform of a school, college, club, or sports team.
  7. The buttons are one of the two distinctive features of a blazer – usually buttons are made of contrasting mother of pearl, silver, pewter, brass or gilt embossed with anchor and a scroll (Nelson buttons) or a crest / logo of the school, college, club, sports team, association, etc.
  8. If applicable, the second distinctive feature is the presence of the crest or badge of the school, college, club, sports team, association, etc. as the case may be on the breast pocket. The crest / badge often denotes the wearer’s individual position within the specific organization.
  9. Usually made of navy blue serge; hopsack, worsteds or wool flannel are classic alternatives. Also available in fresco or linen for summer. Striped blazers are often made of wool flannel or cotton.
Striped blazer in blue, orange and burgundy with 2 cuff buttons, patch pockets worn with bow tie & boater hat & modern striped blazers

Striped Blazer in blue, orange and burgundy with two cuff buttons, patch pockets worn with bow tie & boater hat & modern striped blazers

History of the Blazer

If rightly describing the characteristics of the blazer was a daunting task, tracing its history proved to be no less daunting. There seem to be multiple theories of how the blazer got its name, with one source listing as many as ten! However, to narrow things down, the blazer as we know it today seems to have evolved from two origins.

Scarlett red blazers of members of the Lady Margaret Hall Boat Club

Scarlett red blazers of members of the Lady Margaret Boat Club

Source No. 1 – Lady Margaret Boat Club

Members of the Lady Margaret Boat Club (founded in 1825 by twelve members of St. John’s College, Cambridge.) wore bright, scarlet red-colored flannel jackets, and since they blazed they were named Blazers. The club still exists today and keeps with the same tradition. Interestingly, gold buttons as well as piping are only reserved for certain members. Those with First May Colors are entitled to wear piping and have gold buttons on their blazer while First Lent or Second May Colors are entitled to wear silver buttons on their blazer only.

Cricket Blazer, Duke of Windsor in Navy Blazer & Regatta Blazer in green

Cricket Blazer, Duke of Windsor in Navy Blazer & Regatta Blazer in green

Gradually the term was used to denote jackets with a similar association – much to the annoyance of the purists of the day, which can be seen in this spirited response from a reader of the London Daily News in 1889 – “In your article of to-dayyou speak of ‘a striped red and black blazer’, ‘the blazer’, also of ‘the pale toned’ ones. A blazer is the red flannel boating jacket worn by the Lady Margaret, St. John’s College, Cambridge, Boat Club. When I was at Cambridge, it meant that and nothing else. It seems from your article that a blazer now means a colored flannel jacket, whether for cricket, tennis, boating or seaside wear.”  In hindsight, we know that he lost the battle.

Prince Charles in the same navy 8x3 double breasted blazer - classic garments never go out of style

Prince Charles in the same navy 8×3 double breasted blazer – classic garments never go out of style

Source No. 2 – H.M.S. Blazer

The second story of how the blazer got its name is probably the more popular one, although the timeline suggests that it is the latter of the two. In 1837, Queen Victoria decided to carry out an inspection of one of the vessels of the Royal Navy, named the H.M.S. Blazer. In his effort to impress the Queen, the Commander of the H.M.S Blazer decided to get new uniforms for his men as he felt that the current uniforms were hideous. After much deliberation, he settled on an outfit that included a double breasted jacket with brass Royal Navy buttons. It deserves mentioning that in those days standard uniforms for sailors in the Royal Navy did not exist, and many Commanders established their own standards of appearance for their sailors with little or no uniformity between ships. Sailors on the H.M.S. Blazer continued to wear jackets of blue and white stripes until at least 1845 before the sailors uniforms were standardized in 1857.

By or before 1889, the term blazer seems to have acquired its modern meaning, as is apparent from the article in the London Daily News. It remains unknown when exactly it became part of the uniform of many schools and colleges throughout the British Empire.

School Badges for blazers

School Badges for blazers

School blazers today come in a wide range of colors, some with piping but most without, but always with the school badge and school buttons.  Special badges or piping in ‘School Colors’ are awarded to students for certain achievements and sets them apart from the others. Many gentlemen’s clubs, especially sports and boating clubs, also have a similar system and these blazers are known as Club Blazers.

In the British Army and many armies of the Commonwealth nations, many Regimental Associations have their own blazers that are called Regimental Blazers. They usually come complete with Badge and regimental buttons and the colors, etc., vary from association to association. These are veteran associations and serving officers do not wear them (they stick to their various uniforms). Traditionally, Grenadier Guards blazers feature only one cuff button, Coldstream Guards two, Scots Guards three, Irish Guards four and Welsh Guards five cuff buttons.

Modern College & Boating blazers in navy, red, white and green with piping and optional crest

Modern College & Boating b in navy, red, white and green with piping and optional crest

In this context the blazer could be considered a bit elitist as only members of these associations (which were elitist in varying degrees) were eligible to wear them. Fortunately, that’s not the case anymore. The striped blazer was popular with dandies in the 1910s and 1920s, especially in the U.S., where Brooks Brothers was a major purveyor of striped blazers. Subsequently, it was adopted by the British Mods in the 1960s and became very popular among the fashionable younger set.

Augusta Masters Winner in green blazer & Congressional Cup Regatta red blazer for the winner

Augusta Masters Winner in green blazer & Congressional Cup Regatta red blazer for the winner

The blazer was also commonly associated with traditional gentlemen’s sports, once again adding to the elitist perception, however nowadays this has also almost disappeared, persisting only in cricket (and very occasionally on the tennis court), where it is considered customary for the captains to wear blazers with their team’s logo or national coat of arms during the tossing of the coin at the beginning of test matches. However in two sporting events today blazers continue to signify victory, theses being 1., the Masters Golf Tournament in Augusta, Georgia and 2., the Congressional Cup Regatta at the Long Beach Yacht Club. A green and a crimson blazer are awarded to the winners in these respective events.

Navy Blazer in all kinds of shades and styles

Navy Blazer in all kinds of shades and styles

How to Combine a Blazer

Just like vests / waistcoats, a blazer is very variable and can be worn with a number of different trousers and shirt / tie combinations. In the following I would like to provide some inspiration so you can create your own blazer outfit.


White Flannel Trousers, Spectators & Ascot

For a classic 1930s look, a navy or striped blazer with white or off white flannel trousers looks great. With a light blue oxford shirt, and green tie or ascot and maybe a cornflower or Edelweiss boutonniere, you will look very debonair. If spectator shoes in brown and white are too much for you, white buckskin shoes or shades of brown , including oxblood red will work well.

blazer guide_900x400_2

Grey or Camel flannel & Tie

Likewise a very classic look can be achieved with grey flannel (light grey and charcoal are both fine) pants or shades of camel. Most men will opt for a crisp white shirt or a light blue one with a repp tie. Of course, pale shirt colors such as light green, lavender, pink or salmon will work just as well. For a winter outfit, a wool challis tie or real ancient madder silk tie are ideal. If you want to add a bit more texture, go for a grenadine or even better, a knit tie.  For grey trousers, you should wear black oxford and light colored shades with brown. If you have a good understanding for color, I can also recommend bottle green shoes or oxblood.

Blazers with bow ties, nantucket reds & short, modern blazer with khaki chinos or jeans

Blazers with bow ties, nantucket reds & short, modern blazer with khaki chinos or jeans


Chinos in khaki really make navy pop, and with a shared military background it is also historically a good companion. No matter if you opt for a fuller cut with pleats and cuffs or if you prefer a flat front, narrower and shorter cut, chinos go very well with a blazer. Don’t shy away from different colors: green, yellow, light blue, Nantucket Red… all work with a navy blazer.

Cavalry Twill & Corduroy

Most men won’t necessarily think of combining corduroy or cavalry twill trousers with a blazer but in burgundy, beige, rust or even a lighter brown – the combination can look quite stunning.


Today, many men combine a blazer with jeans, loafers or boat shoes and a button down oxford shirt, which is acceptable as well, and may be more appropriate for casual outings.

Other Options

Some men think you can combine anything with a blazer and so you will see men wearing it with t-shirts or polo shirt. Whenever you wear a jacket, I recommend to go with long sleeves, and a casual shirt or dress shirt will always beat a polo shirt and especially a t-shirt.

Instead of neckties, bow ties and ascots are always a good way to individualize your blazer outfit.

Blazer fabrics - Serge, hopsack, wool flannel, linen, worsteds...

Blazer fabrics – Serge, hopsack, wool flannel, linen, worsteds…

Blazer Fabrics

We briefly mentioned fabrics before but I want to highlight a few characteristics.

Navy Serge – The Classic

Navy serge is probably the most popular fabric. Usually made of merino wool, it has a characteristic twill structure and in my experience it is prone to get shiny in areas of frequent friction. For this reason, be careful when ironing or dry cleaning because too much heat or direct contact with the iron will also make it look shiny in an unpleasant way. If you want a shiny blazer, look for a wool mohair blend – that looks much more sophisticated.


Some men just wear regular navy worsted wool as it is used for business suits and while nothing is wrong with that, I find this kind of blazer rather boring. Instead, consider hopsack fabric. With its open weave structure, it will add more texture to your outfit but it is also much more prone to pulled threads. So if you have children, pets or often come in contact with items that could pull a thread, I’d shy away from hopsack.

For winter blazers, I recommend a true wool flannel if you don’t wear it too often and a worsted flannel if you want to get more wear out of the blazer. Both will wear a bit warmer and the flannel nap will make it more suitable for fall winter ensembles. For a more luxurious alternative fabric in winter, choose cashmere or vicuna. Even a green tweed could look magnificent if tailored into a blazer.

If you live in a place where it is always warm, you should look into linen or fresco blazers. Many men don’t like the wrinkles look of linen. If you are one of them, I can recommend fresco wholeheartedly.

Rowing Blazers at Henley Royal Regatta, England

Rowing Blazers at Henley Royal Regatta, England

Henley Royal Regatta in 1893

Henley Royal Regatta in 1893

Rowing / Regatta Blazers

Today, the Henley Royal Regatta is probably the number one event for Blazers worldwide. If you can’t make it, you should invest in the beautiful coffee table book Rowing Blazers by Jack Carlson with pictures of F.E. Castleberry, which is full of information about these kind of bold, striped of braided blazers. Find a selection of various boating blazer variations below.

Boating Blazers go with Boater Hats

Boating Blazers go with Boater Hats

Striped blazers from the back at Henley Royal Regatta

Striped blazers from the back at Henley Royal Regatta

Rowing 1st Vlll Close up of the black & red striped blazers with gold piping & The King's School, Chester - Boys' 1st VIII impress

Blazer Details

As mentioned before, you have plenty of choices for buttons. While gold and to a lesser extent silver buttons are most common, buttons in white or grey mother of pearl can look just as stunning as light colored horn buttons. At the end of the day, it is entirely up to you what kind of buttons to wear, so think about it and select what feels right to you.

Blazer buttons in gold, silver, gilt or enamel with crests, anchor & heraldry

Blazer buttons in gold, silver, gilt or enamel with crests, anchor & heraldry

Double breasted jackets should have peaked lapels and either a 6×2, 6×3 or 8×3 silhouette, though a 4×2 or 4×1 can look good as well. Traditionally, double breasted blazers in navy had no vents but today most have side vents. Historically it would not make sense to have a middle vent since that was invented for horseback riding. While a classic blazer will feature flapped pockets, lately patch pockets have become rather popular.

For single breasted jackets I would also recommend side vents and either two or three buttons. I find patch pocket more natural but flapped pockets will work as well. In any case, go with a notched lapel. Due to its maritime roots, you will not see many blazer with action backs or belts as you may know them from the Norfolk jacket.

Tennis blazer and club blazer in green tweed with crest & white flannel trousers & white buckskin shoes from the 1930's

Tennis blazer and club blazer in green tweed with crest & white flannel trousers & white buckskin shoes from the 1930’s

When going for a custom garment, many men seem to go  for a red lining. Personally, I think a solid green or yellow lining look spectacular when combined with a navy blazer. Also, solid navy looks particularly debonair with boutonnieres of all kinds.

One last piece of advice: it is best to avoid wearing a badge or crest unless one is attending a function hosted by your club / association. On the other hand, embossed buttons are  de rigueur  and they can be a great way to add a subtle, personal detail to your outfit.

Blue and white striped blazer with yellow sailing pants at Henley Royal Regatta & 6x2 blazer with shorts from the 1930's

Blue and white striped blazer with yellow sailing pants at Henley Royal Regatta & 6×2 blazer with shorts from the 1930’s

Today, striped blazers are either associated with vintage 1920s outfits or specific clubs. If you want to stand out in a classic way, the striped blazer is certainly your best choice. In my experience you can still find them in England rather regularly – either in vintage shops or custom, whereas in the US they are more difficult to find and sometimes only available when movies like the Great Gatsby become the focus of the public eye.

Fit of a Blazer

Generally, a blazer should fit like a suit jacket and some men prefer for it to fit like a sport coat – meaning a little looser, and wider with a bit more length, but other than that nothing is special here and all rules such as the proper sleeve length apply to the blazer as well. In terms of canvas or shoulder padding most double breasted blazers will have a more structured canvas and some shoulder padding, however with the popularity of the Neapolitan jacket, you will now find more unlined blazers with little to no shoulder padding and very soft interlining. As always, there is no objective right or wrong: the only thing that matters is what looks good on you and makes you feel good.

Cricket Blazer, Duke of Windsor in Navy Blazer & Regatta Blazer in green

Cricket Blazer, Duke of Windsor in Navy Blazer & Regatta Blazer in green

Prince Michael of Kent in 6x2 navy blazer & Ralph Lauren in 6x1 navy blazer

Prince Michael of Kent in 6×2 navy blazer & Ralph Lauren in 6×1 navy blazer

8x3 blue blazer from the 1930's & George Lazenby in 6x3 Blazer

8×3 blue blazer from the 1930’s & George Lazenby in 6×3 Blazer

Sometimes you will find the distinction of American, English and Italian silhouette.

  1. American is described as two buttons, single-breasted, navy blue with soft shoulders.  Notch lapels, patch or flap pockets and a single vent.
  2. The English style has more structured shoulders in either single or double breasted, notched lapel in the case of single breast and peak lapels in case of the double breasted cut. It will have double vents in both cases. The single breasted will have three buttons.
  3. The Italian or European style  differs from the others in that the fabric is usually of a lighter weight and the blazer is less structured.

Personally, I don’t really find these classifications particularly helpful and consider them a relic from the 1980s because you can find tailors in England, Europe or the U.S.  that will produce an unbelievably soft jacket or a stiff military uniform and the same is true for almost any area around the globe. If you prefer a structured look, go for a stiffer canvas and if you prefer a jacket that feels more like a sweater than anything else, opt for a very soft canvas.

Modern Blazers are often cut very narrow and rather short. While I personally don’t think it flatters most men’s build, the choice is ultimately yours.


DB navy blazer with red tie, grey flannel trousers and Panama Hat & SB blazer with madras tie, chinos & Panama hat

DB navy blazer with red tie, grey flannel trousers and Panama Hat by Oliver Brown & SB blazer with madras tie, chinos & Panama hat

Where to Buy Blazers?

Unfortunately, it would be impossible to create a definitive list of quality blazers because there are simply so many manufacturers out there. If you know of good manufacturers of blazers, please share them with us in the comments.


The blazer today is an extremely versatile garment and is considered suitable attire for any situation be it casual, business casual or business informal. It can be worn with a wide variety of other clothes ranging from a shirt and tie to open necked shirts. If you are beginning the building of your wardrobe, bear in mind that the blazer will likely be your number one garment in terms of versatility.

This article is the result of a collaboration between Sven Raphael Schneider & Vikram Nanjappa.

What do you think about blazers? Do you wear them? If so, how?  Please share your thoughts in the comments!

The Blazer Guide
Article Name
The Blazer Guide
Learn all about men's blazers including the history, different materials, details, looks & colors so you can buy the ultimate blazer.
Gentleman's Gazette
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  1. Roman Khan says:

    Love this article – really well done! Still a bit unclear to me the difference between a blazer and a suit jacket – I have a beautiful tailor made navy blue suit – often I’ve been tempted to try using the jacket with a pair of jeans – but always fall short of confidence now that I don’t really know what distinguishes the two(!) Some more details on cuts and designs would be very helpful – what difference is there between my suit jacket and a traditional blazer? And what kind of designs should I go with for my body build? A style guide would be helpful

    Thanks again for the great read – looking forward to more posts in the future


  2. Kevin says:

    Excellent read!

    Easily the most polite and professional comments section that i’ve come across in a long time as well.

    Looking forward to exploring your website in the future.

    All the best,

  3. Sławek says:

    Stunning! Some of them challenging:) This is probably the never ending story I really like wearing and experimenting.

  4. muzi says:

    Great article, I’m actually looking to get a bespoke blazer made for me. it will be navy blue, single breasted, and have gold buttons. this will be my 1st bespoke item added to my wardrobe. any other suggestions?

  5. Mark Hewitt says:

    Dear Raphael and Vikram ,
    May I please express my opinion ; which is only an opinion .
    When it comes to having a sharp blazer or two let say because of how versatile they can be visit a tailor and have one made to your measure . The feeling one gets with a tailored garment within your wardrobe is a boon to personality .
    The style of these is never far from fashionable so here is a garment a man can celebrate .


  6. Paul D says:

    Sven, for sping/summer, I commute on the train/subway, so I might be concerned about pulling as you mentioned in the post, and not sure if I”m a huge fan of linen due to wrinkling. About fresco – am I correct in assuming that fresco is a much more expensive fabric than hopsack or linen? Any other warm weather options you can suggest?

  7. Mark Saley says:

    You freely mention flannel trousers, particularly off white. I am always on the lookout for cream flannel trousers but they are rare, indeed. Do you have any suggestions as to where one might buy them, off the peg? I don’t need help with custom as I have a very good tailor. Still, ready made trousers are what I’d like. For that matter, ANY flannel trousers are difficult to find except in grey. Thank you in advance for any assistance you may provide.

  8. Willam Martin Alderman says:

    Excellent article and very timely, I wear the blazer “sports” coat at least once a week often several times a week through out t the year. I am not sure if its fashion per se’ but I’ve added a waistcoat especially during the winter months otten receive with many complementay complements.

Trackbacks & Pingbacks

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  20. […] where I kind of had a small reputation at school, the guy who was always in a tie, always in a blazer and it just kind of evolved from there. My sophomore year, I made friends with this Indian guy, his […]

  21. […] wore a white shirt from Henry Poole, a scarf he borrowed from his girlfriend,  as well as a navy Blazer and grey worsted trousers. The blazer was made of the classic navy blue serge fabric – a […]

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  23. […] is almost always ventless in the back and it’s cut roomier than a dinner jacket or blazer, similar to a dressing […]

  24. […] will only do so in the heat of summer. A Prep will almost never wear a suit and usually opt for a navy blazer instead. An Ivy Leaguer – while he loves the blazer – will still wear a suit almost […]

  25. […] wrinkly cotton, it feels almost like a sweater, yet it looks much better. Just like the summer blazer, it is “unlined” in the sense that only the sleeves and shoulders are lined and all the […]

  26. […] the changing room and swatch books to the left. Of course, they also offer vicuna fabric for suits, blazers and overcoats, but for the connoisseur, Rubinacci’s vintage fabrics are of much greater […]

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